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In soccer with the word "Technique" we understand a group of skills, more or less complex, with which players communicate with the ball; the technique represents the capability of transmitting or absorbing, through our body, a certain quantity of energy to be able to control it when facing different situations
Technical skills in soccer are divided into:

  •     Throw
  •     Receive
  •     Drive the ball
  •     Contrast
  •     Hit a header
  •     Take a throw-in
  •     Stop

Each one of these contains itself many game objectives and different execution modalities. Each coach, keeping an eye on their players, must know how to choose the skills to be stimulated, taught or corrected, with the objective of improving the attributes of the players.
Reception is one of the key technical skills for the game, it represents a form of collaboration and comunication between teammates that is often fundamental to manage and solve multiple situations.

Parts of the body:


  • Inside   
  • Outside 
  • Instep       
  • Sole   
  • Thigh  
  • Belly  
  • Chest   
  • Head

 Execution modality:   

  • With the ball on the ground:
  • Touching the ball as soon as it bounces  
  • Lofted pass   
  • With track:
  • Long pass       
  • Parabolic trajectory
  • Bombeada

Objectives and applications in the game:

    To stop the ball 
    Oriented controls:

  • Approaching       
  • Opening       
  • Closing       
  • Opening  (with the outside)       
  • Turning around  
  • Cushioning   
  • Hitches   
  • Control with the chest, head...   
  • With feint

Reception is the first technical expression of the soccer player. With the word reception and its synonyms as ball control or stop it is meant the technical ability of controlling the ball with the arrival of an approaching trajectory and as a consequence get the possession of the ball
This technical ability is linked to the behaviour and positioning of those players that perform the skill, teammates and opponents
Reception requires harmony with the game situtation that the player faces. In modern soccer, an oriented control can be fast, efficient and the ideal solution to avoid being marked by an opponent
Depending on the situation that the player is going to face during the reception, one can think of a site control, an oriented control or a race control. In the evolution of footbal during tha last few years, the capability of executing or moreover knowing when to execute an oriented control allows players to get some extra time and space for the following action.

Reduced spaces and tactical development as well as pressure, double marking, and preventive coverage have made oriented control become a need for all players.
What the coach has is the possibility to train either site control or oriented control
In order for the player to perform the technical skill in an efficient manner they must have developed in the proper way the coordination capacities, orientation capacity and peripheral vision. Coordination comes into play during the approaching moment and the eventual ball controls, while orientation and peripheral vision make the skill become efficiente during the development of the action
Coordination capacities also envolve monopodalic equilibrium capacity that can be trained with specific exercises for children and coordination capacity of the perception of space-time
To perform an efficient ball control the player must properly assess the trajectory, ball speed and the point where eventually the ball will hit the ground
The variables before mentioned affect the type of control that the player must execute.


On the site
Site control is performed in a situation of reduced space due to the place where there player is in the field or to the presence of teammates or opponents nearby
Site control can be executed with:

  • The sole of the foot   
  • The instep 
  • The inside of the foot   
  • The outside of the foot  
  • The thighs  
  • The chest 
  • The head

Oriented control
Oriented control allows passing from a no ball phase to the possession of the ball, directing the ball to an empty space of the field favoring that way the successive move. Usually oriented control is preceded by a feint.
Oriented control can be executed with:

  • The sole of the foot   
  • The inside of the foot   
  • The outside of the foot   
  • The chest 
  • The head

Control of a high ball/airpass

  • Frontal
  • Sideways
  • Backwards   
  • Long pass

Low ball control

  • Frontal
  • Backwards
  • Sideways 

Instep control
This type of receiving is used in the parabolic trajectory and in perpendicular trajectories to the ground. The leg that has been chosen to execute the skill, must try to cushion the ball, taking speed away from it. With an approaching movement from the foot to the ball trajectory to the accompany the ball to the ground. The ankle must be relaxed and the leg slightly bent. The toe gets closer to tibia when player touches the ball. The body must be slightly leaning forward and the arms open to favor equilibrium 


Control with the inside of the foot
Is the most common way of ball control in soccer. It can be used both to stop the trajectory of a low ball or to receive balls that arrive with a parabolic trajectory. The player who has decided to use this skill must absorb the power of the ball with the inside of the foot. The foot that is being used for this skill must be behind the supporting foot and create a right angle with the trajectory of the ball, thanks to the rotation of the hip joint. With an approaching movement to the trajectory of the ball they follows a backwards movement right before the impact of the ball. The supporting leg must be slightly bent. The player must try to keep muscles relaxed to favor the flow to the body movements


Control with the outside
This type of receiving is used to favor the successive move, like ball dribbling, feints and tricks, pass or shot to goal. The most common example of the skill can be found in the oriented control. The surface that gets in contact with the ball is the same as the one used for shooting with the outside of the foot

Control with the sole
Use to control low balls and frontal airpasses, this receiving is usually used in matches to anticipate the opponent

Control with the chest
This type of control is used to control balls with air trajectories. The player that decides to perform a chest control must slightly open the legs and the arms forward to favor stability and equilibrium of the body, with the bust in the direction of the trajectory of the ball slightly leaned backwards.
Orienting the trunk, with the chest forwards, when the ball hits the player, they must lead the ball towards the chosen direction. Lungs must get empty and chest muscles should be relaxed , to favor the proper impact of the ball, reduce its speed and control it close to the feet to then be able to play it immediately

Control with the head
The difficulties that arise when executing this type of control come from the surface that gets in contact with the ball. The forehead is a narrow and indeformable zone, suitable to apply some power to the ball. For balls with air trajectory where the ball does not impact the ground the player must try to cushion the power of the ball going first to it and jumping to get closer to the trajectory and as soon as they touches the ball, they must perform a counter movement, bending the knees, trying to sync the hitting moment with the ball and the moment when their feet touch the ground. During the match this type of move is not very common because it slows down the play. For balls with air trajectory when the ball has hit the ground before being able to control it, the control will be more efficient, because it allows the player to lead the ball towards an empty space, favoring the successive move. In this case the player must hit the ball with the center of the forehead, with the legs slightly open and bent, which allows him to quickly restart 

Control with the thigh
This type of receiving is used for balls with parabolic trajectory and the hitting point is on the center of the thigh, because it is the softer part. Receiving is performed in 2 stages, the first one in which the thigh gets closer to the trajectory of the ball, placing it perpendicular to the ground and the second in which in the movement before hitting the ball, the player starts lowering the knee favoring a soft impact that allows the player to cushion the power and speed of the ball
This allows players to keep the ball close to their feet before the control, favoring the successive move.
In the proposed exercises, players can experience many different situations and therefore get used to use and improve the skill so that everytime they do it, it becomes more efficient. In this context, the coach can suggest individual corrections, verifying the level that players are reaching