3 against 3
In soccer by "situational" and "simplified situation" it is intended to gather all of the movements, during the match or the training session, in which there is an active presence of one or more opponents that hinder and contrast players that possess the ball
During the match, players assist a continuous and fast change in the situations, for this reason they elaborate choices and strategies trying to reach the respective objective, either attacking or defensive
Each coach, by observing and analyzing will be able to take from the matches the "situations" that they might consider important to then work on them in a simplified way during the training session dictating principles and coherent behaviours under their own creed and philosophy.
One of the situations that players must learn to recognize during a match is a 3v3, which consists of a temporary collaboration with 2 teammates either during the attacking or the defensive phase with the aim of accomplishing the objective
Three against three represents a situation in which players that possess the ball may experience the concept of "sharing out". Collaboration between the three players includes the capability of reading and interpreting the context in the same way, accomplishing that way the opportunity of taking advantage of participation and collaboration between teammates.
During the attacking phase players that possess the ball must improve the reading of the context applying the following principles:
- Do not stand on the same line, neither vertical nor horizontal
- Provide breadth and depth to the maneuver, executing opposing moves
- Create different passing lines and angles
- Read the open and closed move
- Adapt to the movements of the teammates particularly of those that take the iniciative
- Recreate a 2v1 situation
During the defensive phase players without ball must work on and improve the following behaviours:
- Pressing over the ball
- Reciprocal coverage
- Grant the least possible depth using offside in the proper way
- Perform "the elastic defense": Alternate pressing over the ball with partner coverage, trying to contemporaneously move up the offside line
In the proposed exercises players can become familiar with multiple situations and then get used to fastly read dangerous situations to afterwards choose the proper solution. In this context the coach can try to individually correct their players, transmitting their philosophy in an efficient manner.